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Sabtu, 04 September 2010

Air, how to store hydraulic cylinders - safely

/ On : 22.27/ Thank you for visiting my small blog here. If you wanted to discuss or have the question around this article, please contact me e-mail at mozabani@yahoo.com
Hello again Air,

In your last hydraulic maintenance email, I wrote
about the importance of checking rod straightness
when repairing hydraulic cylinders.

Today I want to continue by talking about
how to prepare hydraulic cylinders for storage -
after they've been repaired.

Here's what I recommend if you're storing
spare hydraulic cylinders for an extended period:

1. Always store fully retracted.

2. Store indoors in a clean, dry area.

3. Smear the internal surfaces of eye/clevis bushes
or bearings with grease - particularly if they're steel.

4. Protect any exposed chrome on the rod. Oil-impregnated tape
such as Denso tape can be used for this purpose.
Before applying, make sure the rod is fully retracted.
If a product like Denso tape is applied to the rod when
the rod is not fully retracted, subsequent retraction
of the rod can result in damage to the rod seal.

5. Plug the service ports with steel - not plastic, plugs
or blanking plates.

6. Consider filling the cylinder with clean hydraulic oil
through its rod-end service port. Particularly if it's
an expensive, large diameter or high pressure cylinder.
I say "consider" because there are a few issues to understand
before you carry out step #6.

If the cylinder is not filled with oil it will obviously
be filled with air. If this air is not perfectly dry,
then as ambient temperature decreases the air
can reach dew point. This results in moisture forming
on the inside of the cylinder tube.

This can cause spot rusting and pitting of the tube surface,
which will reduce the volumetric efficiency of the cylinder,
the service life of the piston seal, and ultimately,
the life of the tube itself.

Completely filling the cylinder with clean hydraulic oil
prevents this from occurring, however there's
a MAJOR CAUTION with doing this. I don't have room
to explain it here, but I encourage you to read about online:
http://www.insidersecretstohydraulics.com/storing-hydraulic-cylinders.html

Yours for better hydraulics knowledge,

Brendan Casey
Author of 'Insider Secrets to Hydraulics'; and
'Preventing Hydraulic Failures'.
http://www.hydraulicsupermarket.com/books.html
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